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Is Cryptorchidism Covered By Pet Insurance

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Does Pet Insurance Cover Medicine

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Pet insurance has many restrictions on medication coverage. For example, vet-prescribed drugs are generally covered through pet insurance however, you may have to purchase a higher-tier pet insurance policy or an add-on for prescription coverage. Additionally, prescription drugs arent covered for pre-existing conditions.

Two commonly prescribed drugs for dogs are Apoquel and anxiety medication. Apoquel can be covered through pet insurance as long as it isnt prescribed for pre-existing conditions. As for anxiety medication, this may or may not be covered through pet insurance. It depends if the company covers behavioral conditions, which is how anxiety is generally classified.

Did you know you could purchase RX drugs online for your pet?Know how to keep your pet safe when you buy meds online.

As for preventative medication , most pet insurance policies dont cover this unless you purchase a wellness plan that includes it.

Recovery Of Cryptorchidism In Dogs

Recovery is excellent in dogs that are neutered before complications arise. If the retained testicle is left, it may develop cancer, and chemotherapy is sometimes needed.

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Cryptorchidism Average Cost

Cryptorchidism In Dogs What It Is What It Means And

Cryptorchidism is a medical term used to describe situations where your dogs testicle or testicles fail to drop into the scrotum as they develop from a puppy to adulthood, certain breeds, Insurance companies do whatever they can to minimize their losses, 2015Progressive Retinal Atrophy Aug 20, Complete Coverage SM gives you the comfort of knowing your pet is covered for everything listed here, For cats and dogs,Cryptorchidism in Dogs and CatsSummaryAmong children, In delayed situations this may occur as late as 6 months, poor dental health is also associated with more dangerous medical conditions like kidney, 50.0, 2011.

Retained Testicles? Cryptorchidism
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Following On From Last Weeks Piece On Pet Neutering Vet Marc Abraham Discusses The Important Topic Of Cryptorchidism

Itâs important to recognise if your petâs âbitsâ look different to other pets, as these differences can lead to serious life-threatening conditions.

Iâm talking about âhiddenâ testicles â unsuccessful travellers on a developmental journey starting from right up near the foetal kidneys and reaching a final destination of the scrotum about seven to 10 days after birth.

The condition of hidden testicles â or cryptorchidism, derived from Greek words crypto meaning âhiddenâ and orchid meaning âtesticleââ affects both cats and dogs, although itâs much rarer in our feline friends, with Persians seemingly most affected. Testicles absent from the scrotum by six to eight weeks coupled with the classic tomcat signs of urine spraying, enlarged jowls, spines on the penis â mean that itâs likely that they are either still within the abdomen or, more commonly, just beneath the skin of the catâs inner thigh.

Cryptorchidism occurs in one in 10 dogs, with English Bulldogs, Boxers and many small breeds most commonly affected. Confirmation by examination may prove difficult, with some cases benefiting from waiting until puberty before a definite diagnosis can be made of one or both testicles being undescended.

Next week, itâs the turn of the girls as we look at the female reproductive disease of pyometra â infection of the uterus.

What Are The Symptoms

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The symptoms for cryptorchidism arent always so easily seen. There shouldnt be pain unless there are complications. One such complication is spermatic cord torsion. This is when the testicle twists onto itself. This particular symptom can cause bad abdominal pain that seems to come about suddenly.

Another complication is cancer. The testicular cancer is actually more common than spermatic cord torsion, which is more rare.

Infertility is yet another symptom of this disorder. This depends on if one or both testicles did not descend. If both are undescended then the dog will be infertile. If only one descended then it can continue to create testosterone but not sperm.

One symptom that is noticeable is that one testicle is quite smaller than the other when one is retained. And as mentioned before, if a dog is exhibiting male behavior with no sign of testicles, this is an indicator of cryptorchidism.

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What Is A Pre

The definition of a pre-existing condition is any illness or injury that occurred, reoccurred, existed or showed symptoms, whether or not diagnosed by a veterinarian, prior to the pets original start date, prior to the coverage period, or during the waiting period of a pet health insurance policy. Insurance definitions can be confusing, so lets break that wordy definition down. If your dog is showing symptoms of an injury or illness before youve enrolled in a pet insurance policy and the required waiting periods have passed, then the condition will be considered pre-existing. Conditions that are present at birth are also considered pre-existing. If your pet has a condition or symptoms that are secondary to a condition that was considered pre-existing by your pet insurance company, those secondary conditions will likely also be considered pre-existing.

Cryptorchidism / Undescended Testicles In Dogs

If you have the best dog health insurance for your pet, coverage would cover most of the surgery costs and decrease the bill by almost $4,000 with the right copay and deductible. If your pet has an accident with a car, you could end up paying around $10,000 for the surgeries needed in order to save their life Find out more about getting a Healthy Pets insurance policy for your dog. About Healthy Pets. Healthy Pets Insurance, now part of The Ardonagh Group, is a specialist pet insurance company offering cover for cats and dogs. It consistently offers the most competitive prices and has amongst the highest customer satisfaction ratings in the sector

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Diagnosis Of Cruciate Ligament Tear

Your veterinarian will complete a full physical exam of your dog first.

Then, X-rays are usually taken to see the extent of the cruciate ligament damage and rule out other causes of the lameness in the legs.

The X-rays will help your veterinarian to see if there is arthritis or fluid in the joint. And if any bones pieces broke off when the ligament was torn.

Your vet will also perform what is called an anterior drawer sign.

The vet will hold your dogs femur. If the tibia has the ability to pull forward in a motion that is almost like a drawer being opened, this usually means there is a cruciate ligament tear.

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What Complications Does It Cause

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According to Pet MD:

This condition is rarely associated with pain or any other sign of disease. However, acute onset of abdominal pain generally indicates that the spermatic cord of the retained testes has become twisted, cutting off the blood supply to the testis. Many times, this testis will develop tumors, which is symptomized by feminine behavior. The risk of testicular cancer is thought to be approximately ten times greater in affected dogs than in normal dogs.

There is also the risk of what is called testicular torsion. This is when the testicle is not attached. While this is a rare occurrence, it does happen sometimes and is painful to the dog. When this happens, it is often hard to diagnose, too.

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What To Do If The Testicle Does Not Appear

Your vet will discuss a castration procedure with you in which both testicles are removed, it is a simple procedure to remove under general anaesthesia the testicle present in the scrotum, the retained one has to be located in your dogs abdomen, and this can take some time. The surgical procedure to find and remove the testicle from the abdomen can be tricky as the testicle which has not found its way to the scrotum is often smaller and therefore not so easy to locate in amongst the contents of your dogs abdomen.

What Is The Cost Of Cruciate Ligament Surgery

When considering the cost of Cruciate Ligament surgery, it is not only the surgery that costs money but also the post-operation care.

There are the extra costs that might be necessary for such things as the follow up veterinary or specialist visits, different medications, and the post-rehab therapy that will factor into the cost.

The cost of the surgery usually ranges from $3,100 to $11,000 depending on the type of surgery required and other additional things which could be your dog breed and even the city or state in which you live.

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What Does Pet Insurance Cover We Look At Spaying

Puppy Contracts. Presently, the price of our puppies is $2250. I recognize that our pups are more expensive than some but I am confident that my pups, warranty, and the support I provide over the pupsâ lifetime are worth it. These prices represent not only the quality of the sire and dam but the t.. Trupanion has a team of trained veterinary professionals reviewing claims so we can identify eligible and ineligible conditions. Medical information on symptoms, diagnosis, and misdiagnosis of more than 2,000 conditions and diseases

Treatment Of Cryptorchidism In Dogs

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No treatment other than neutering is recommended. Dogs with cryptorchidism are thirteen times more likely to develop testicular cancer than normal dogs. Fertility may or may not be affected but dogs with cryptorchidism are not recommended to be bred. If an attempt at preserving lineage it often results in complications and pain for the dog and a tarnishing of a name for the breeder.

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What Are The Statistics

This disorder affects about 1 3 percent of all dogs. As mentioned, any breed of dog can get it. Yet, smaller, toy, and miniature dogs have it more often. These at-risk dogs include Yorkshire Terriers, Pomeranian, and Poodles. Most cases only involve one undescended testicle. This is in about 75 percent of the cases of cryptorchidism. The other 25 percent is when both testicles do not descend as they should.

Is Cryptorchidism Covered By Pet Insurance

Although the operation tends to be more costly than a normal castration, especially if surgical exploration of the abdomen is needed to find an abdominal testicle, most pet insurance companies should cover for cryptorchidism as long as the policy was not taken out after the animal was diagnosed as cryptorchid.

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Cryptorchid Neuter Prevention In Dogs

Cryptorchidism is generally an inherited problem. Purebred dogs are more often affected than mixed breeds. Toy sized breeds experience this condition more than larger sized of dogs. Miniature Poodles, Chihuahuas, Pomeranians and Yorkshire Terriers all are susceptible breeds.

If both testicles are retained, the dog is unlikely to be fertile, however of one has descended, it is possible for the dog to procreate. This should be prevented to stop the defective gene from passing to other dogs. When obtaining a dog, always enquire about the family’s health history. If the dog is a rescue animal, a simple blood test can be run to determine if it has been neutered or if the testicles never dropped to the scrotum.

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What To Expect After Surgery

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Some dogs are able to go home on the day of surgery. However, some may have to stay in the hospital overnight. Limited activity is recommended, especially when it involves opening of the abdomen. The surgical site requires time to heal before the pet returns to normal activity. Pain medication will most likely be sent home, sometimes along with medicine to help keep your dog calm.

Elizabethan collars are typically recommended to prevent licking or chewing at the incision. Owners should check the incision regularly for redness and swelling, which could indicate a post-operative infection or self-trauma. If your dog requires non-dissolvable skin sutures they will need to be removed by your veterinarian about two weeks after surgery.

References

  • âSmith Jr., DVM, DiplACVIM, Francis W. K. and Tilley, DVM, DiplACVIM, Larry P. et alâ. Blackwellâs Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline 5th Edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 2011. West Sussex, UK. Kindle file
  • Lundgren, DVM, Becky. âCryptorchidism In Dogs And Cats â Veterinary Partner â VINâ. Veterinarypartner.Vin.Com, 2008, .

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Efficacy Of Cryptorchid Neuter In Dogs

The surgical removal of the testicles is a permanent procedure. This effectively reduces all risk of testicular cancer, as the parts in question are no longer in the dog. If the neuter is performed early in the dog’s life, the prognosis for the animal is excellent. Even in older dogs, those who undergo the surgery tend to fare better than those who don’t. A cryptorchid neuter can be performed laparoscopically, which reduces both pain and recovery time. It is surgically possible to bring the testicle down into the scrotum instead of excising it, however this increases the likelihood of cancer development by up to 13 times.

Does Pet Insurance Cover Pregnancy

Pet insurance typically doesnt cover pregnancy or conditions related to pregnancy or breeding. However, if your pregnant pet experiences unexpected complications while birthing and requires a Cesarean section , the pet insurance company may cover the medical cost as long as the pregnancy took place after the waiting period for the effective date of your pets policy.

Pyometra, an infection in the uterus resulting from hormonal changes in the reproductive tract, may be covered by your pet insurance company. Pyometra is more common in pets who havent been spayed.

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Retained Testicles In Pets

In developing fetal dogs and cats, the testicles are located near the kidneys. A structure called the gubernaculum connects each testicle to the scrotum and is responsible for guiding the testicle to its final position in the scrotum. When the gubernaculum fails to develop properly, the testicle cannot descend into the scrotum, leading to cryptorchidism .

Cryptorchidism is fairly common in dogs, but rare in cats. It can occur bilaterally , or can happen unilaterally with one testicle affected. When one testicle is retained, it is usually the right one. Puppies should have both testicles in the scrotum by three weeks of age, and kittens should have descended testicles by six months of age.

Cryptorchidism has in increased incidence in purebred dogs, especially toy breeds and brachycephalic breeds. Though the condition is rare in cats, Persian cats are affected more often than others.

What Is Cryptorchid Neuter

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Cryptorchidism is a condition in which the testicles of a dog fail to properly descend from the abdomen into the scrotum. This can happen to one or both of the testicles, however, three out of four times it happens to only one. The right testicle is retained more often than the left. Sometimes the affected testicle remains deep within the abdominal cavity while in others, it lays just beneath the skin.

Cryptorchidism can generally be diagnosed if one or both of the testicles have not descended to the scrotum by the time the dog is six months of age. This can usually be seen by looking at the scrotal area. Pain only results from this issue if further complications have already developed. Even before these problems exist, it is often recommended to remove the undescended testicle to safeguard the dog. Most veterinarians are able to perform this procedure, as it is a variation on a standard neuter.

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How Is It Diagnosed

Finding out if a dog has cryptorchidism is pretty simple but is more than just a visual check. Abdominal ultrasound or radiographs allow the vet to see where the testicle is located in the dogs body.

In some cases, a hormonal test can be done. This is when a male dog seems to have female behaviors or the dog does not have testicles yet acts like a male. This hCG test is ideal to determine if the dog is neutered.

There is a test that is less complex where your veterinarian can check for penile spines which are dependent on testosterone and will disappear 6 weeks after neutering.

There is one instance where a physical examination can identify this disorder. This is when the testis is in the inguinal canal. It is when it is in the abdomen deeper than X Rays or an ultrasound is needed.

What Exactly Is Cryptorchidism In Dogs

According to VCA Hospitals in an article by various veterinarians:

Cryptorchidism is the medical term that refers to the failure of one or both testicles to descend into the scrotum. The testes develop near the kidneys within the abdomen and normally descend into the scrotum by two months of age. In certain dogs it may occur later, but rarely after six months of age. Cryptorchidism may be presumed to be present if the testicles cannot be felt in the scrotum after two to four months of age.

It is a genetic disorder that happens in some dogs and can be passed along to offspring by the father, if he is not sterile himself. The disorder is indicative of nonexistent or incomplete testes descent.

For dogs without this disorder, the testes descend into the scrotum on their own. This happens when the dog is at a young age. In fact, this should have happened by two months of age. In some dogs it is six months but this is not the norm.

In this disorder, the testicles are not in the scrotum. Instead, there are two places the inguinal canal or the abdomen. An inguinal canal is the area through which the testicle should descend. Its the passage that is located through the abdominal wall that goes into the region on the genitals.

In some cases, there is another area the testicle may be. This is in the groin area under the skin, called subcutaneous tissue. The area is similar though it is still located between the scrotum and inguinal canal.

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